For children who are challenged with learning differences (disabilities is a term I dislike), seeing a person like yourself in a story is quite affirming. In fact, Rick Riordan said that’s why he wrote Percy Jackson for his son who, like Percy, has ADHD and dyslexia.
And for children without a learning difference, they’ll be able to glimpse into the life of a person who does. That’s empathy building!
We need more representation but here’s a start… a list of picture books and chapter books that shows characters with learning differences. The list below shows ADHD, dyslexia, SPD, and general reading and learning disabilities.
Learning Differences in Picture Books
Knees: The Mixed Up World of a Boy with Dyslexia by Vanita Oelschlager and Joe Rossi
Well-paced and illustrated, you’ll find this to be an easy-to-read and understand picture book about life with dyslexia.
The Alphabet War by Diane Burton Robb
Kindergartener Alex finds that letters trick his brain — he mixes up bs and ds, for example, and it seems like he’s in a war with the alphabet.
Thank You Mr. Falkner by Patricia Polacco
Mr. Falker changes everything for 5th grader, Trisha. He helps her learn to read! I love this picture book story based on the author’s life.
The Junkyard Wonders by Patricia Polacco
I love this book so much about the “special” or “junkyard” class of kids with learning differences. Their teacher, the amazing Mrs. Peterson, helps each child find their talent and gifts.
Just Ask! Be Different, Be Brave, Be You by Sonia Sotomayor, illustrated by Rafael Lopez
A must-own lavishly-illustrated book that is both eye-opening and empathy-building as it increases a reader’s understanding of others; in particular, other people with physical and neurological differences. It’s set up so each two-page spread features a different kid who introduces themselves and then asks a question of the readers. For example, Rafael has asthma and sometimes has trouble breathing. He asks, “Do you use a tool to help your body?” Madison uses a guide dog to get places safely because she’s blind. She explains this and asks, “How do you use your senses?” The book features kids with autism, a wheelchair, dyslexia, Tourette’s syndrome, ADHD, food allergies, Down syndrome, and more. It shows all these kids working together to plant a garden, showing that just like the variety of plants in the garden, our differences make the world more interesting and richer.
Sarabella’s Thinking Cap by Judy Schachner
Learning Differences in Chapter Books (Ages 7 – 18)
Super Lexiby Emma Lesko, illustrated by Adam Winsor (ages 7- 9)
SENSORY PROCESSING DISORDER, ADHD
As Lexi describes her feelings and reactions, we begin to understand that she has some differences than many other kids such as noises affect her strongly and she has phobias. Sometimes she just curls up into a ball. But she is the same as other kids, too — she has a fantastic imagination, loves art, and likes having a friend.
Fish in a Tree by Lynda Mullally Hunt
Both Ally and her older brother have hidden that they can’t read — until Mr. Daniels helps Ally learn to read does she discovers her true value. It’s a beautiful, emotional story that will help kids understand what it’s like to have dyslexia.
Okay for Now by Gary D. Schmidt
READING DISABILITIES – ILLITERACY
This is one of the best books I’ve ever read. The main character, Doug, is struggling to read while living in poverty with an abusive dad and older brother. What saves him is connecting to a kind librarian who shows him Audobon’s bird paintings — and how to draw. It’s excellent!!!!
Hank Zipzerby Henry Winkler (ages 7 – 9)
Hank is a lovable, very relatable kid who has a most creative a unique brain which makes for lots of delightful and fun adventures.
Joey Pigza Swallowed the Key (series) by Jack Gantos (ages 7 – 9)
Joey’s a hyper-active child with ADHD whose impulsive choices often get him in trouble.
Each Tiny Spark by Pablo Cartaya
Focused by Alyson Gerber
Clea is a chess-loving girl who gets distracted easily (except when she can hyper-focus in chess) and it’s becoming a problem, especially in school but also with friends. She’s resistant to do the testing her parents want, refusing to believe she could have ADHD. But blurting out things and living with regret, she feels like she’s not in control. As she learns more about her brain, she realizes that she can figure out strategies to help her keep focused. Readers who don’t have ADHD will get a glimpse into the way this kind of brain works. It is exactly like what my oldest daughter who has ADHD tell me it’s like with thoughts bouncing all over the place. Important and insightful.
Absolutely Almost by Lisa Graff
Albie struggles with learning which affects his self-esteem. But his babysitter Calista, helps him discover his gifts and that makes a big difference in his life.
Close to Famous by Joan Bauer
READING ISSUES / ILLITERACY
Foster loves cooking and wants to be on a cooking show but she’s hiding a secret — she can’t read.
Up For Air by Laurie Morrison
GENERAL LEARNING DIFFERENCE
Annabelle a child of divorce who doesn’t see her father due to his drinking problem. She’s figuring out friendships and belonging, aware that she doesn’t fit in at school because of her learning disabilities. Fortunately, she does fit in at the pool on the older kids’ swim team.
Stanley Will Probably Be Fine by Sally J. Pla, illustrations by Steve Wolfhard
Comic book geeks and kids with sensory processing disorder (SPD) will find a kindred spirit in Stanley Fortinbras. He reluctantly agrees to compete in comic book trivia contest in order to save a friendship–even though large crowds make him very anxious. In the end, his friend ditches him but Stanley and his new homeschooled neighbor, Liberty work together to finish.
The Truth as Told by Mason Buttle by Leslie Connor
Mason’s a big kid with severe learning disabilities, an overactive sweat gland, and a dead best friend named Benny. As the story progresses, Mason’s confusion grows at why the police continue questioning him about the day his friend died. But something good happens when Mason befriends another student who is also bullied by the neighbor boys. This story is both about their growing friendship and the truth about Benny’s death…
Eleven by Patricia Riley Giff
11-year old Sam can’t read well enough to determine if the hidden documents in his grandfather’s attic prove that he was kidnapped from his real parents. Who can he trust to help him?
Bluefish by Pat Schmatz
READING ISSUE – ILLITERACY
13-year old Travis can’t read until he meets Mr. McQueen, a teacher who helps Travis learn.
Percy Jackson series by Rick Riordan
This is a thrilling adventure about an ADHD boy who is half-human, half-Greek god, questing to save the world and stay away from the monsters trying to kill him.
Freak the Mighty by Rodman Philbrick
This is a moving story of a friendship between a large boy with learning disabilities and a very small boy with physical disabilities. Together, they overcome the bullying at school. Sad but powerful.
Playing Tyler by T.L. Costa
Focusing is hard, even with his ADHD medication. Then, Tyler finally finds something where he can focus — video games.
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